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Currently, computer technology is a common and driving force in most industries. While no one can say with absolute certainty what the future holds, there is little doubt that technology will continue to play a crucial role in government and in businesses around the globe. In order to provide employers with the technology that they need to compete in the marketplace, there will also be a greater need for individuals who are properly trained in areas such science, technology, engineering, and math, which are collectively called STEM. To fulfill the need for skilled innovators, it is important that people, particularly students, receive the training necessary for the careers that are in demand. The Internet, the abundance of digital information, and the ability of individuals and corporations to access them are just the beginning when it comes to computers, STEM, and the future.

Web Design

In order for Web pages to exist, Web designers are needed to put them together using their knowledge of HTML, Javascript, CSS, and other Web-related tools. There are a variety of skill sets that Web designers need to master, starting with HTML coding and layout principles and also including color coordination and other aspects of Web page aesthetics, graphic design, search engine optimization, and Javascript design. Web designers must also master the art and science of user interface engineering, which involves making Web pages easy for users to interact with. They will also need to know how to make pages that are easily usable not only by desktop computers but also by smaller mobile devices like smartphones. Web designers in a corporate environment will also work with copywriters and marketing professionals.

STEM

Modern technology-related jobs typically fall under the umbrella term STEM, which stands for science, technology, engineering, and math. Dr. Judith Ramaley of the National Science Foundation first coined this term, which the NSF uses to cover a wide variety of fields. Physics, robotics, computer science and engineering, electrical engineering, and biochemistry are some of the many disciplines that fall under the definition of STEM. Virtually all modern industries rely in some way on STEM-related skills, which makes STEM education a necessity for today's youth and the current workforce.

Computer Forensics

The investigation of computers and storage systems in search of evidence is a branch of forensic science known as computer forensics. Law enforcement relies upon computer forensics experts to find proof of criminal activity on digital devices from computers to gaming consoles. Computer forensics is also used in civil proceedings as well, such as in the case of lawsuits. Insurance companies may also call on computer forensics while investigating a potential case of fraud. Computer forensics is a necessary tool to keep up with the crimes of the future, many of which may happen online or with the help of computers.

Getting Into STEM-Related Fields

For some STEM careers, such as engineering and physics, a college degree is required. Other fields, such as computer forensics, require certifications and often also require college degrees. Many jobs in STEM industries, however, do not necessarily require formal training. Examples include Web design and computer programming, fields in which talented professionals can make a living by starting their own businesses.